Such as the first biography of Franco (1937) . later claimed by so-called revisionist historians. In addition to the books published from Franco’s Spain and from exile. works signed by Hispanics from all over the world were immediately added . According to the cliché. few topics have caused such an avalanche of publications as our civil war . The first to write about it were those who experienced the conflict first-hand. for it must not be forgotten that between 1936 and 1939 the eyes. hearts and thoughts of millions of people were fixed on this corner of Europe . These biographical texts. signed by prominent writers such as Georges Bernanos ( Les grands cimetières sous la lune . 1938) .
Ernest Hemingway ( For Whom the Bell Tolls . 1940) orGerald Brenan ( The Spanish Labyrinth . 1943 ). among many others . often offered partial. out-of-focus. or mythic interpretations. but profoundly influenced the foreign view of the conflict. Undoubtedly. the most decisive book was that of the writer. and then volunteer militiaman. Georges Orwell ( Homage to Catalonia. 1938) . tribute to catalonia orwell spanish civil war It took several years for literature to give way to the first relevant historiographical works. With Spain under the long Franco dictatorship. these first approaches were generated by a long flock of Hispanics . The most groundbreaking was The Spanish Civil War.
Published In 1961 By English
Historian Hugh Thomas and translated Bulgaria mobile phone numbers fifteen languages. the subject of later extensions and an inescapable reference to studies of the Spanish conflict. It was translate into Spanish as early as 1962 by Ruedo Ibérico in France. and then smuggle into Spain. From the other side of the Atlantic. the American Hispanic Gabriel Jacksonin 1965 he published The Spanish Republic and the Civil War 1931-1939 . thus combining war with the republican experience. in a binomial that would become virtually inevitable from then on. “Southworth’s relentless and sharp writings imposed new levels of seriousness in writing about the Civil War.”
Paul Preston The growing number of publications by Hispanics on contemporary Spain – where the civil war always ended up appearing – began to worry the Franco regime. as they contradicted the official version abroad and. although clandestinely. they also went introducing itself to Spain itself. Herbert Southworth ‘s books The Myth of Franco’s Crusade (published in Spanish and French by Ruedo Ibérico in 1963 ). Pierre Vilar . Émile Temime . the first Stanley Payne and so many others had to be answer by the regime.
It Is In This Line That
We must place the efforts to update the Francoist theses. By the official historian of the regime and propagandist Ricardo de la Cierva. From the hand of local disciples of the then ubiquitous Hispanics (now renewed with names like Raymond Carr . Ronald Fraser …). some pioneers often outside the Spanish University and initiatives such as the. ” Colloquia of Contemporary History ” promoted from de Pau by Manuel Tuñón de Lara . We begin to find during the late Franco regime the first books of real research by Spanish historians . Among the closest to the inherited vision of the Franco regime is the military historian Ramón Salas Larrazábal.