Very Good Because They Conceived

Moreover, existed in the consciousness of the men who lived there. but which today is an inseparable part of culture and culture. collective historical imaginary of Europeans. They invented the concept and named it media tempestas (1469). Media aetes (1518). medium tempus (1531). and finally medium aevum . (1604). Too bad because they characterized this long historical period with a whole series of negative clichés. That are still deeply rooted in the popular imagination and weigh like a slab in the historiographic tradition. He was described as an obscure age. Steeped in intellectual and cultural decline.

In addition, and in secular economic lethargy. As a period dominated by isolation. ignorance. theocracy. superstition. fear of the advent of end of the world (millenarianism). Endemic insecurity. violence. barbarism and brutality of constant wars and invasions. The tyrannical rule of feudalism. poverty. hunger and apocalyptic epidemics. So who would want to live in the Middle Ages today?  Similarly, a poll published by The Guardian in 2014 it showed that very few people: of the ten worst years in the history of England. the readers of this newspaper chose five from the medieval period. If a politician wants to disqualify his opponent’s ideas. all he has to do is say “go back to the Middle Ages.

The Clichés Associated

For instance, amplified by literature and cinema. are many. but they Czech republic cell phone numbers very little to do with historical reality. As historical and archaeological research has shown. the foundations of European modernity lie in the medieval centuries. Caravan crossing the Silk Road in the direction of Catai (China). Catalan Atlas of Abraham Cresques (c. 1375) Caravan crossing the Silk Road in the direction of Catai (China). Catalan Atlas of Abraham Cresques (c. 1375) In the realm of economics. the Crusades in the Holy Land opened to Western merchants the ports of the Eastern Mediterranean where the prized Eastern species arrived. Then. in the 13th century.

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Most importantly, the Pax Mongolica made it possible for the East and the West to be part of. A global and interconnected world through the Silk Roads. where merchants and ambassadors circulated. And where religious ideas. philosophical texts and scientists. From the 14th century onwards. some of the earliest forms. And manifestations of capitalism were developed in Italian cities. Such as banking, bills of exchange or double-entry accounting. The vast majority of cities. towns and villages on the old continent. With their topography organized around a church. cathedral. Castle or market. near ports. river junctions or crossroads . Are medieval foundations. Thus was born a true urban civilization that has. Nothing to do with the troglodytic habitat of the peasants projected by literature.

With The Cities Came

Moreover, from the twelfth century. municipal institutions. their symbols and their forms of exercise of power. Allegory of the effects of good government on the city. Ambrogio Lorenzetti. 1338-1339 Allegory of the effects of good government on the city. Ambrogio Lorenzetti. 1338-1339 The Middle Ages were not the period of barbarism and daily violence that “Game of Thrones” paints for us. The Roman law by which we still rule was from thanks to the translation of the code of Justinian. At the same time, the notary’s office arose and developed.

In conclusion, a medieval institution that has survived to the present day and produced millions of written. Documents that regulated many aspects of the social and economic life of farmers and merchants. The cultural legacy of the Middle Ages is immense. During these thousand years, most of the languages spoken by Europeans and most. Of the cultural nations and nation-states that today make up the complex political geography of Europe were born. The very idea of Europe is of medieval origin. The modern state with some of its characteristic institutions (courts. parliaments. taxation…). Has its origins in the transformations of European monarchies in the late Middle Ages.

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