After that, we Europeans are designated. Catalan courts according to a miniature of an incunable from the 15th century Catalan courts according to a miniature of an incunable from the 15th century The Middle Ages have bequeathed us millions of written texts. Most works of Greco-Latin literature. philosophy. and science were transmitted through copies produced to monastic desks and court classrooms. Arabic translations rediscovered ancient treatises that made possible the advancement of scientific knowledge and humanism. Universities as centers of knowledge transmission are a medieval institution. The first universities (Oxford. Bologna. Paris. Toulouse. Salamanca. Lleida…) established a system of degrees.
Moreover, such as teaching and doctorate. which are still fundamental milestones in the higher education curriculum. Whether you want to graduate as a medieval student or understand the world in which you live. there are plenty of reasons to study “ Medieval History ”. And in order not to fall back into the clichés of the humanists. we suggest you do so through the texts of some of the best specialists of the period. historians who have reflected on the cultural. social and economic changes that transformed civilization. and directed it towards modernity. Pere Benito . UdL and PRA professor of Medieval History in the UdL-UOC Degree in History. Geography and Art History
Ancient History Wants
Most importantly, to be an introduction to the world of antiquity. We will Dominican republic phone numbers how phenomena that seem as modern as globalization. already took place in the Eastern Mediterranean. Egypt and the Middle East during the Late Bronze Age. Our ultimate goal is to make the knowledge of these ancient cultures understood. valued and disseminated at a critical time. where much of this cultural heritage of humanity is being looted and destroyed. The Rosetta Stone. 196 BC Source: Wikimedia Commons The Rosetta Stone. 196 BC Source: Wikimedia Commons First of all. through an approach to the methodology. the disciplines involved. the chronological and geographical framework.
Above all, as well as the available sources. we will reconstruct and try to understand the historical processes that took place. from the fourth millennium. lenni aC to sV dC. in an extensive region that extends from the area of the Middle East to the central Mediterranean. To do this. an interdisciplinary methodology will be used. understanding and valuing the use of all sources available to us (archaeological. textual. iconographic) in order to incorporate all the accessible data in order to offer a view of the the widest possible range of ancient peoples and cultures; thus illuminating the lives of the Sumerians. Akkadians. Babylonians. Assyrians. Egyptians. Phoenicians. Hebrews. Minoans. Mycenaeans. Greeks.
We Will Deal With
Similarly, and the belief in a single deity. The invention. dissemination and adaptation of writing in the major cultures of the Ancient Orient. Egypt. the Aegean and Italy will be address. The journey began in the origins of writing in Lower Mesopotamia. with the cuneiform system. and in Egypt. where various writing systems were develop. including the hieroglyphic. The syllabic systems used in Minoan Crete and Mycenaean culture will be discuss. And the invention of the alphabetical system in the East and its spread throughout the Mediterranean will be explore: first in Greece and later in Italy. We will discover. then. how our ‘Latin’ comes. through the ‘Greek alpha’.
In conclusion, the ‘Phoenician alef’ inspired by an Egyptian hieratic sign. In addition. we will contextualize some of the masterpieces of universal literature such as theGilgamesh’s Epic . The Adventures of Sinuheh or the Odyssey . Persepolis. Iran. Source: Wikimedia Commons Persepolis. Iran. Source: Wikimedia Commons We will study the appearance of the city. and travel to what is consider the first archeologically documented city: Uruk.